Following the mess of the collapse of the planned economy, the state-owned transportation system went into further disarray. Train rails, railway sleepers, tunnels, bridges, locomotives, and passenger cars and all kinds of related facilities were never renovated, which caused them to became useless. In the late 1990s the trains in North Korea were completely disorganized and unusable. Windows on the trains were stolen or broken by passengers when they got on and off the trains, never to be repaired. People stole and burned the train seats to use them as fuel for fire in an effort to warm up themselves up during the harsh winters. The railway sleepers were taken out by passengers for personal use and power cables were stripped and sold for their copper.
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The power shortages made the train situation worse. Most of the trains in North Korea run by electricity, with frequent blackouts it made it impossible for the trains to continue operating. People started to take it for granted that trains wouldn’t suddenly stop on a track at any given time. Even now North Koreans sometimes get stuck inside the trains for a few days. According to an ASIAPRESS reporting partner, Choi Kyoug-ok, in Hyesan City, northern Ryanggang Province, “As of October 2015, it usually takes three to six days between Hyesan City and Pyongyang City via the east coast train route, which is supposed to take only 22 hours.” [To be continued in part 4]
＜Market Economy in N.Korea＞ View article sections
◆ Expansion of the market economy as the driving force behind social transformation–based on sources from inside North Korea. (PART2)
◆ Is Economic Sanction Really Effective? Searching Effect from Retail Price Index
◆ Delinquent Juveniles Mobilized For Forced Labor