Pyongyang has been the only area in North Korea where people can still manage to get their food rations since the beginning of the 21st century. However, Pyongyang citizens still have to purchase food from a market–like people in other cities without the rationing system–due to the rations being insufficient.
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The elderly who can not feed themselves end up depending on their children for care, but the majority of the young people in North Korea cannot afford to provide for their parents and themselves. The elderly, unable to retire, have started working in order to provide money to the household. If they cannot provide money for the house they can be kicked out by their own children, forced into homelessness. (Jiro Ishimaru)
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