The population of vagrants, known as "kochebi," has been on the rise in urban areas of North Korea. Our reporting partners in the northern region have been investigating and reporting the situation since April (Kang Ji-won).
The number of "kochebi" is increasing not because of lack of food but because their cash income has plummeted to the point where they can no longer sustain themselves.
Since the end of January 2020, the Kim Jong-un regime has blocked the Chinese border to prevent the influx of the coronavirus. It has also imposed substantial restrictions on movement within the country, resulting in a significant slowdown in production and a reduction in the flow of people and goods. As a result, many people have lost their cash income due to businesses going under and being laid off. The following is the report of our reporting partner living in Ryanggang Province.
◆Older women and girls begging in the market
"There has been an increase in the number of "kochebi," from young children to the elderly, in markets and in front of train stations. The older people are especially miserable. I've seen people get so weak from lack of food that they fall asleep and die in the market.
Many are children whose parents have sold their homes or abandoned them due to hardship. Some of the children in their mid-teens snatch belongings and pickpocket in the market. Although the authorities are trying to find their parents to support them, it is difficult, and even if they can find them, the parents cannot afford to take them in, so the authorities have no idea what to do."
It is the rising number of female "kochebi" that concerns me. Many of them are taken away and sexually abused, believing that they will be fed. However, the reality is that there are no measures in place to protect girls.
◆The government has ordered detentions but to little effect
Our reporting partner heard from a couple of "kochebi" he saw at the market.
"They were 12 and 9 years old. The older one had no shoes and had a cloth wrapped around his foot, and something like water was dripping from it. What's wrong? I asked. He said he got frostbite during the winter."
Recently, I've noticed the appearance of young people in their 20's and 30's living as vagrants.
"Those who have been discharged from the army and returned to their homes but have no income, or those who have run away from the ‘storm-troops’ youth organization (an organization specializing in construction and civil engineering work), roam the market and sleep in construction sites and factory boiler rooms."
The authorities are no longer able to ignore the increasing number of "kochebi". An internal Labor Party document issued in August last year, obtained by ASIAPRESS, is headlined "The Recent Trend of Increased Vagrancy" and describes the following measures to be taken:
"The people's committee (local government) and security organs (police and other public security organizations) will catch all vagrants wandering in their areas, send vagrants to relief centres to be looked after, and strengthen controls to prevent the emergence of phenomena that may hinder emergency quarantine projects." ※ The information in () has been added by the ASIAPRESS writer.
What are the recent developments of the authorities? Our reporting partner explains as follows:
"In Hyesan City, children are caught in the market every day to be housed in existing orphanages and vacant inns. However, they soon run away because they don't get proper food, and then they go back to the market to beg and steal."
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