The market of Chongjin, the country’s third largest city. With the food distribution system all but collapsed, the majority of people survive through private market activity. Taken in September 2013 by ASIAPRESS.

 

Related Article<Inside N. Korea> The Deteriorating Plight of the People (1)

In June, the economic turmoil began to take on the appearance of panic. Suddenly, the prices of food in the market soared, and at the same time, the value of the Chinese yuan and US dollar plummeted. ASIAPRESS has been conducting a weekly market price survey with the help of reporting partners living in North Korea. Since the beginning of July, the authorities have sparingly provided emergency food supplies to residents. However, the amount is only about 5 kilograms of corn per person. As a result, the market price has fallen a little, but it is still unstable due to uncertainty over the future.

The following summarises recent developments (food prices are per kilogram, in North Korean won).

▼White Rice  4200(May 28)→ 4900(June 8)→7500(June 22)→5200 (June 29)→6300(7/8)
▼Corn       2200(May 28)→ 2800(June 8)→5500(June 22)→3600(June 29)→2800(7/8)

Within a month, the white rice price temporarily soared by about 1.8 times and the corn price by 2.5 times.

What is less easy to understand is the plunge in the Chinese yuan.

▼1 Chinese yuan is about 0.15 USD.       970(May 28)→670(June 8)→505(June 22)→520(June 29) →600(7/8)

The North Korean won is not recognized as an exchangeable currency in the international market, and even in the country, it was seen as little more than a piece of paper at one time. However, it has stabilized under the Kim Jong-un era through the authorities’ intervention policy. Nevertheless, there have been no conditions for the value of the North Korean won to rise.

Markets around the country are in turmoil. The price of food is going up every day, but there is no way to predict whether it will continue to rise or whether it has hit a ceiling, making it difficult to decide whether to sell or buy. Some people have lost a lot of money due to the plunge in the Chinese yuan. Several merchants have stopped trading at markets for the foreseeable future, and anxiety is growing among residents.

◆ People starving to death

“The market is filled with sighs, shouts and screams. I can hear the sobbing of those who lost money and those who cannot afford the high prices. Many elderly people who live alone are starving to death," said a reporting partner from North Hamkyung Province. No one knows how to cope with the current chaos, and the future is entirely unclear.

The limitations of the Kim Jong-un regime's coronavirus quarantine policy are apparent. Even if North Korea itself is closed off from the rest of the world, the COVID-19 pandemic will never be able to end unless vaccination progresses in China and other neighbouring countries. The lives of the people of North Korea are deteriorating rapidly and the country is facing a humanitarian crisis. The Kim Jong-un regime must ask the international community for urgent assistance in food and vaccines and the international community should hasten to begin discussions. (END)


ISHIMARU Jiro
ISHIMARU was born in Osaka in 1962 and has visited North Korea three times and travelled about 100 times along the DPRK-China border region since 1993 for his reporting. He has interviewed about 1,000 North Koreans. In addition, he has established a network of reporters in North Korea.

 

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